Urology is a branch of medical sciences looked after by a doctor who has a specialization in this field and is called a urologist. This field of medicinal and surgical sciences deals with the diseases and disorders that affects the male and female urinary tract.
The disorders affecting the male reproductive system are also looked after by a urologist sometimes because the reproductive and the urinary system in males are closely connected. One disorder that affects the urinary tract often ends up affecting the reproductive tract as well, and vice versa. For the same reason, the branch of urology is sometimes also referred to as genitourinary surgery.
The main organs that are covered under urology include the kidneys, urinary bladder, ureters, adrenal glands and urethra. In addition, all male reproductive organs such as prostate, penis, testes, seminal vesicles and vas deferens are also included.
Urology includeds the treatment of urinary disorders through both non-surgical and surgical methods. Some of the disorders that are treated with the help of medications and external therapies include prostatic hyperplasia and urinary tract infections.
These conditions are treated through antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with compromised immune function. Drugs such as amoxicillin and ciprofloxacin are administered to curb or avoid urinary infection.
On the other hand, urinary surgery is mostly carried out for the treatment of kidney stones, prostate cancer and stress incontinence, among other complex and serious disorders. A typical urology and genitourinary surgery can be performed with the help of both approaches – open surgery and minimally invasive techniques such as laser and laparoscopic surgery.
The best hospitals for urology disorders house some of the best surgeons and urologists, who are well-equipped with the knowledge of using highly advanced technology in the field. In addition, the best multispeciality hospital for urology surgery have the potential to handle any kind of complications that may arise during the procedure.
Urology procedures are sometimes conducted along with procedures from other specialities as well because of their close association. For example, gynaecology, oncology, gastroenterology, andrology and endocrinology procedures are sometimes performed along with a urology procedure.