Orthopaedics is a branch of medicine concerning the disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. An orthopaedic doctor uses both non-surgical and surgical methods for the treatment of degenerative diseases, spine diseases, congenital disorders, tumours, infections and sports injuries.

The term ‘’orthopaedics’’ was coined by Nicolas Andry and is derived from Greek words, ‘’orthos’’ meaning straight. The concept was initially developed with regard to children and gradually orthopaedic practice became the study of correction of bony deformities and spinal deformities in all stages of the human life.

An orthopaedic surgeon plays a special role in treating deformities and mistakes in bones or joints, ligaments or nerves and tendons or cartilage. The sub-speciality of orthopaedic surgery includes ankle and foot surgery, hand surgery, pediatric orthopaedics, surgical sports medicine, orthopaedic trauma, elbow and shoulder surgery, total joint reconstruction, total knee replacement and spine surgery.

Visiting an orthopaedic clinic becomes necessary if an individual suffers from any kind of spinal and bone problems. The surgeons are adequately-skilled and well-versed with the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative disease, tumours and infections, repair of femoral neck fracture, spinal fusion, ankle fracture and femoral shaft fracture.

The majority of surgical procedures carried out across the world are majorly orthopaedic. Orthopaedic conditions are visible in children, as well as in adults. It is a common problem that develops with age. With the advent of advanced medical science, diagnosis methods and treatment, it is now feasible to attend to the most complicated orthopaedic conditions with flair.

Nearly all types of complex and critical surgical procedures are performed by the best orthopaedic surgeons, which includes ankle arthrodesis, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, decompression posterior, decompression anterior, disc replacement, hip resurfacing surgery, prosthesis, total hip replacement, total knee replacement, shoulder arthroscopy and knee arthoscopy.

The major problem with joint replacement is wear and tear of the surface of the prosthetic components. This is a common problem with aging and using alternative bearing surface is the key solution here. However, advances in medical technology have now increased the life of prosthetics drastically, with each component lasting for more than 20 years.